From ancient eastern folk medicine, the healing and healing effects of nutrients are known. The formulations of therapeutic and prophylactic drugs of that time have a very complex, multicomponent composition and natural origin. One of the consequences of this integrative process has been the widespread use of biologically active food supplements, which, as a rule, are derivatives of modern technologies].
When the scientific approach to food developed ideas about it as a source of a complex of pharmacological substances that regulate the physiological functions of the body, a border area of knowledge between dietology and pharmacology arose, which has several names, including pharmaconutritiology. In this area, the creation, study and application of biologically active food supplements took place.
The term "nutraceuticals" was coined in 1989 by Dr. Stephen de Feliz to describe food and pharmaceutical production.
The author of the Russian term "biologically active additives" is Academician A. V. Tutelyan. He later regretted calling these nutritional supplements "biologically active."
Biologically active additives (BAA) are biologically active substances and their compositions intended for direct intake with food or introduction into food products.
Dietary supplements are food, they are not medicines. They are used as an additional source of biologically active substances (dietary fibers, vitamins, minerals, amino acids) to eliminate their deficiency and optimize the diet.
There are no standards for the production of dietary supplements. Their quality control consists in assessing their safety as foodstuffs.
Dietary supplements are also used in animal husbandry and poultry farming.
Classification of dietary supplements
There are various classifications of dietary supplements depending on their composition and physiological action, as well as methods of obtaining and form of production of dietary supplements, so any classification of dietary supplements is rather arbitrary.
The Institute of Biochemistry of Biologically Active Substances of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus develops biologically active additives and food additives. The combination of research activities, science and technology allows us to produce products with unique recipes. We carry out a full development cycle.
Position: deputy director for research